How To Write Scientific Essays

What Is The Guide To Writing A Scientific Essay?

The format of writing a scientific essay is just similar to the steps used in writing any other type of essay. Good and effective writing requires proper structuring, preparation and organization. Important steps needed to write a good scientific essay include research, planning, outlining of ideas, writing, and finally evaluation the content of your essay. Upon completion, it is advisable that the writer checks the paper for any grammar mistakes and spelling. After proofreading, the writer can confirm the instructions of the essay in order to produce a correct paper. Below is a guide prepared by iwriteessays.com on how to write a sciences essay


  • Science essays should make an argument, your essay should have a point and reach a conclusion, even if tentative, and you should try to convince the reader that your point is correct. This is the most important single point in writing a good essay. It will help you make it well organized, and well written.
  • Clarity of thought and argument provide the necessary basis for a clear writing style. Thus, just like making a legal case in the courtroom, you follow a logical progression, using data or evidence to support each step of your argument, until you reach a logical conclusion.
  • Do not just cite the study, also briefly describe its key result(s) in a sentence or two, and explain, explicitly, why this supports your point.

Proof: Note that the logic of scientific discovery is that of generating a list of possibilities (postulating hypotheses) and performing experiments on these possibilities. We proceed by rejecting false hypotheses, rather than proving true ones

Be critical: To be critical is to examine the factual basis for a statement. Just criticizing a study (e.g. for only looking at one species, using a particular methodology, or having two few data points) does not demonstrate a critical attitude. Part of science is separating the crucial from the incidental factors, and criticizing incidentals is worse than saying nothing at all. Being overcritical about irrelevant issues is as bad as (maybe worse) than being uncritical.

Be concise. Avoid such tropes as "it is believed that" or "scientists believe". Or (perhaps worse) "the general consensus seems to be…" (Science is not a popularity contest!) Say instead, "Herman (1996) claimed

Do not use technical terms not known to a general psychologist without definition and explication

Latin names of species are italicized. The genus is always in capital and the species never is (Home sapiens, Canis familiaris). These rules are the same for all living things

References: You must cite all work that you rely on to in making your argument. All references should be in full at the end of the essay (as in the example reference list at the end of this section).